● Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with the monkeypox virus.
What are the symptoms of monkeypox?
● Monkeypox symptoms are similar to smallpox symptoms, but are milder and rarely fatal.
● Symptoms of monkeypox may include:
○ Muscle aches
○ Swollen lymph nodes
○ Rash (may look like pimples or blisters that appear on the face, inside the mouth,
and on other parts of the body, like the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus)
How is monkeypox spread?
● The virus can spread from person-to-person through:
○ Direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids
○ Respiratory secretions during prolonged face-to-face or intimate physical contact
○ Touching items (such as clothing or linens) that previously touched the infectious
rash or body fluids
○ Pregnant people can spread the virus to their fetus through the placenta
How can monkeypox be prevented?
● All people should take the following steps to prevent monkeypox infection:
○ Avoid close, skin-to-skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like
○ Avoid intimate contact with a person with monkeypox
○ Do not touch the rash or scabs of person with monkeypox
○ Do not share eating utensils or cups with a person with monkeypox
○ Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with
○ Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer
What should I do if I was in close contact with someone with monkeypox, or if I develop
● If you were in close contact with someone who has monkeypox or if you develop
symptoms, call your healthcare provider.
● If you are sick with monkeypox:
○ Isolate at home
○ Stay in a separate room or area away from people or pets you live with, when
possible, especially if you have an active rash or other symptoms
Is there a vaccine for monkeypox?
● Because the monkeypox and smallpox viruses are genetically similar, vaccines developed
to protect against smallpox viruses may be used to prevent monkeypox infections
● Vaccines may be recommended for those at most at risk of exposure or infection,
depending on eligibility criteria
Where can I learn more about monkeypox?
● Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) https://www.mass.gov/monkeypox
● Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) https://www.cdc.gov/poxvirus/monkeypox/